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Title: Structural insights into phenylethanolamines high-affinity binding site in NR2B from binding and molecular modeling studies.
Authors: Ng, F.M. 
Geballe, M.T.
Snyder, J.P.
Traynelis, S.F.
Low, C.M. 
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Ng, F.M., Geballe, M.T., Snyder, J.P., Traynelis, S.F., Low, C.M. (2008). Structural insights into phenylethanolamines high-affinity binding site in NR2B from binding and molecular modeling studies.. Molecular brain 1 : 16-. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Phenylethanolamines selectively bind to NR2B subunit-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate-subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors and negatively modulate receptor activity. To investigate the structural and functional properties of the ifenprodil binding domain on the NR2B protein, we have purified a soluble recombinant rat NR2B protein fragment comprising the first ~400 amino acid amino-terminal domain (ATD2B) expressed in E. coli. Spectral measurements on refolded ATD2B protein demonstrated specific binding to ifenprodil. We have used site-directed mutagenesis, circular dichroism spectroscopy and molecular modeling to obtain structural information on the interactions between critical amino acid residues and ifenprodil of our soluble refolded ATD2B proteins. Ligand-induced changes in protein structure were inferred from changes in the circular dichroism spectrum, and the concentration dependence of these changes was used to determine binding constants for ifenprodil and its analogues. Ligand binding of ifenprodil, RO25,6981 and haloperidol on soluble recombinant ATD2B determined from circular dichroism spectroscopy yielded low-to-high micromolar equilibrium constants which concurred with functional IC measurement determined in heterologously expressed NR1/NR2B receptors in Xenopus oocytes. Amino acid residue substitutions of Asp101, Ile150 and Phe176 with alanine residue within the ATD2B protein altered the recombinant protein dissociation constants for ifenprodil, mirroring the pattern of their functional phenotypes. Molecular modeling of ATD2B as a clam-shell-like structure places these critical residues near a putative ligand binding site. We report for the first time biochemical measurements show that the functional measurements actually reflect binding to the ATD of NR2B subunit. Insights gained from this study help advance the theory that ifenprodil is a ligand for the ATD of NR2B subunit.
Source Title: Molecular brain
ISSN: 17566606
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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