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Title: Percutaneous paraumbilical embolization as an unconventional and successful treatment for bleeding jejunal varices
Authors: Lim, L.-G.
Lee, Y.-M. 
Tan, L. 
Chang, S.
Lim, S.-G. 
Keywords: Angiography
Capsule endoscopy
Jejunal varices
Obscure bleed
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: Lim, L.-G., Lee, Y.-M., Tan, L., Chang, S., Lim, S.-G. (2009). Percutaneous paraumbilical embolization as an unconventional and successful treatment for bleeding jejunal varices. World Journal of Gastroenterology 15 (30) : 3823-3826. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A 48-year-old Indian male with alcoholic liver cirrhosis was admitted after being found unresponsive. He was hypotensive and had hematochezia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed small esophageal varices and a clean-based duodenal ulcer. He continued to have hematochezia and anemia despite blood transfusions. Colonoscopy was normal. Repeat EGD did not reveal any source of recent bleed. Twelve days after admission, his hematochezia ceased. He refused further investigation and was discharged two days later. He presented one week after discharge with hematochezia. EGD showed non-bleeding Grade 1 esophageal varices and a clean-based duodenal ulcer. Colonoscopy was normal. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed liver cirrhosis with mild ascites, paraumbilical varices, and splenomegaly. He had multiple episodes of hematochezia, requiring repeated blood transfusions. Capsule endoscopy ident i f ied the bleeding s i te in the jejunum. Concurrently, CT angiography showed paraumbilical varices inseparable from a loop of small bowel, which had herniated through an umbilical hernia. The lumen of this loop of small bowel opacified in the delayed phase, which suggested variceal bleeding into the small bowel. Portal vein thrombosis was present. As he had severe coagulopathy and extensive paraumbilical varices, surgery was of high risk. He was not suitable for transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt as he had portal vein thrombosis. Percutaneous paraumbilical embolization via caput medusa was performed on day 9 of hospitalization. Following the embolization, the hematochezia stopped. However, he defaulted subsequent follow-up. © 2009 The WJG Press and Baishideng. All rights reserved.
Source Title: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN: 10079327
DOI: 10.3748/wjg.15.3823
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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