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Title: NGF inhibits human leukemia proliferation by downregulating cyclin A1 expression through promoting acinus/CtBP2 association
Authors: Chan, C.B.
Liu, X.
Jang, S.-W.
Hsu, S.I.-H. 
Williams, I.
Kang, S.
Chen, J.
Ye, K.
Keywords: Acinus
Cyclin A1
Gambogic amide
Issue Date: 29-Oct-2009
Citation: Chan, C.B., Liu, X., Jang, S.-W., Hsu, S.I.-H., Williams, I., Kang, S., Chen, J., Ye, K. (2009-10-29). NGF inhibits human leukemia proliferation by downregulating cyclin A1 expression through promoting acinus/CtBP2 association. Oncogene 28 (43) : 3825-3836. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Cyclin A1 is essential for leukemia progression, and its expression is tightly regulated by acinus, a nuclear speckle protein. However, the molecular mechanism of how acinus mediates cyclin A1 expression remains elusive. Here we show that transcription corepressor CtBP2 directly binds acinus, which is regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF), inhibiting its stimulatory effect on cyclin A1, but not cyclin A2, expression in leukemia. NGF, a cognate ligand for the neurotrophic receptor TrkA, promotes the interaction between CtBP2 and acinus through triggering acinus phosphorylation by Akt. Overexpression of CtBP2 diminishes cyclin A1 transcription, whereas depletion of CtBP2 abolishes NGF's suppressive effect on cyclin A1 expression. Strikingly, gambogic amide, a newly identified TrkA agonist, potently represses cyclin A1 expression, thus blocking K562 cell proliferation. Moreover, gambogic amide ameliorates the leukemia progression in K562 cells inoculated nude mice. Hence, NGF downregulates cyclin A1 expression through escalating CtBP2/acinus complex formation, and gambogic amide might be useful for human leukemia treatment. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
Source Title: Oncogene
ISSN: 09509232
DOI: 10.1038/onc.2009.236
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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