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Title: Diagnostic laparoscopy in the evaluation of right lower abdominal pain: A one-year audit
Authors: Lim, G.H.
Shabbir, A.
So, J.B.Y. 
Keywords: Acute appendicitis
Diagnostic laparoscopy
Laparoscopic surgery
Right lower abdominal pain
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Citation: Lim, G.H., Shabbir, A., So, J.B.Y. (2008-06). Diagnostic laparoscopy in the evaluation of right lower abdominal pain: A one-year audit. Singapore Medical Journal 49 (6) : 451-453. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the commonest cause for right lower abdominal pain. Clinical features, laboratory and imaging investigations are either not very sensitive or specific, and neither is therapeutic. We aimed to define the role of diagnostic laparoscopy in patients with right lower abdominal pain. Methods: Data was collected retrospectively from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. Patients admitted to the Emergency Department and subsequently transferred to the Department of Surgery, National University Hospital, Singapore, with right lower abdominal pain and who eventually underwent diagnostic laparoscopy were evaluated. Results: 691 patients with right lower abdominal pain were admitted with suspected diagnosis of appendicitis. Diagnostic laparoscopy was undertaken in 103 patients aged 17-71 years old. Of the 83 females, 78 (94 percent) were premenopausal. Histology-proven acute appendicitis was diagnosed in 78 (75.7 percent) patients. Interestingly, within this group, 25.6 percent had other concomitant pathologies found on laparoscopy. 25 patients had a normal appendix; gynaecological causes accounted for pain in 15 of these 25 (60 percent) cases. In four (3.9 percent) patients, no pathology was found. Complication rate was 1.9 percent, which included ileus in two patients. In 32 (31.1 percent) patients, diagnostic laparoscopy altered the management plan, requiring either intervention or care by a subspecialty. Conclusion: Diagnostic laparoscopy is useful in evaluating patients with right lower abdominal pain, especially in those with equivocal signs of acute appendicitis. It also hastheadditional benefit of being therapeutic. Premenopausal women benefit the mostfrom this procedure.
Source Title: Singapore Medical Journal
ISSN: 00375675
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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