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Title: Astral microtubules monitor metaphase spindle alignment in fission yeast
Authors: Oliferenko, S. 
Balasubramanian, M.K. 
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2002
Citation: Oliferenko, S., Balasubramanian, M.K. (2002-10-01). Astral microtubules monitor metaphase spindle alignment in fission yeast. Nature Cell Biology 4 (10) : 816-820. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Segregating genetic material along the longest axis of the cell ensures that there is a sufficient distance between daughter chromosomes at the point of cytokinesis. Monitoring the orientation of the mitotic spindle can be subjected to cell cycle controls. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the existence of such a cell-cycle checkpoint has been proposed to delay the metaphase to anaphase transition when spindle poles are not properly oriented with respect to the actomyosin ring1. Here we show, by using a fission yeast mutant compromised in its assembly of astral microtubules, that in the absence of astral microtubules short metaphase spindles are unable to orient themselves with respect to the long axis of the cell and are delayed in spindle elongation. This astral defect engages a spindle orientation checkpoint because deletion of the transcription factor Atf1, which is involved in maintaining this checkpoint, allows misaligned asterless metaphase spindles to elongate. We propose that astral microtubules are involved directly in monitoring orientation of the metaphase spindle and in controlling the timing of elongation in fission yeast.
Source Title: Nature Cell Biology
ISSN: 14657392
DOI: 10.1038/ncb861
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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