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Title: Duplicative or Complementary? The Relationship between Policy Consulting and Internal Policy Analysis in Canadian Government
Authors: Howlett, M. 
Migone, A.
Tan, S.L.
Issue Date: 9-May-2014
Citation: Howlett, M., Migone, A., Tan, S.L. (2014-05-09). Duplicative or Complementary? The Relationship between Policy Consulting and Internal Policy Analysis in Canadian Government. Canadian Journal of Political Science. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Policy consultants are external analysts who provide paid policy-related advice to governments on a contractual basis. Previous research on policy work has examined the work done within governments and by policy consultants separately but has not systematically compared and contrasted the two. A key question regarding the nature of policy advisory practices and policy advice systems in general, however, is whether consultants are duplicating the work of government officials in order to help "triangulate" internal advice or whether there is more of a complementary approach in which consultants supplement the work of internal analysts. This article explores the differences among the two groups using data collected over the past five years in two sets of surveys into internal and external policy work in Canada. The analysis finds a "complementary" relationship to exist, contrary to the conventional wisdom that outside or external advice is sought mainly in order to avoid biases in internal advice. Copyright © Canadian Political Science Association (l'Association canadienne de science politique) and/et la Société québécoise de science politique 2014.
Source Title: Canadian Journal of Political Science
ISSN: 00084239
DOI: 10.1017/S0008423914000213
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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