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Title: Genetic structure of Culex erraticus populations across the Americas
Authors: Mendenhall, I.H. 
Bahl, J. 
Blum, M.J.
Wesson, D.M.
Keywords: arbovirus vector
Culex erraticus
population genetic
Issue Date: May-2012
Citation: Mendenhall, I.H., Bahl, J., Blum, M.J., Wesson, D.M. (2012-05). Genetic structure of Culex erraticus populations across the Americas. Journal of Medical Entomology 49 (3) : 522-534. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Culex erraticus (Dyar & Knab) is a potential competent vector for several arboviruses such as Eastern and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses and West Nile virus. It therefore may play a role in the maintenance and spread of viral populations in areas of concern, including the United States where it occurs in >33 states. However, little information is available on potential barriers to movement across the species' distribution. Here, we analyze genetic variation among Cx. erraticus collected from Colombia, Guatemala, and nine locations in the United States to better understand population structure and connectivity. Comparative sequence analysis of the second internal transcribed spacer and mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase genes identified two major lineages of sampled populations. One lineage represented the central and eastern United States, whereas the other corresponded to Central America, South America, and the western United States. Hierarchical analysis of genetic variation provided further evidence of regional population structure, although the majority of genetic variation was found to reside within populations, suggestive of large population sizes. Although significant physical barriers such as the Chihuahuan Desert probably constrain the spread of Cx. erraticus, large population sizes and connectivity within regions remain important risk factors that probably contribute to the movement of arboviruses within and between these regions. © 2012 Entomological Society of America.
Source Title: Journal of Medical Entomology
ISSN: 00222585
DOI: 10.1603/ME11197
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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