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Title: Clinical utility of RD1, RD9 and hsp65 based PCR assay for the identification of BCG in vaccinated children
Authors: Teo, J.W.
Cheng, J.W.
Jureen, R.
Lin, R.T. 
Keywords: Adverse reaction
Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Background: Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is widely administered to prevent tuberculosis. Vaccine complications are rare. However, when BCG-related adverse reactions arise there is a need to rapidly and reliably identify BCG from other members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (TBC). PCR assays based on the detection of the regions of difference (RD), in particular RD1 and RD9, have been invaluable in the identification of BCG. Prior to this study, specimens were identified through HPLC analysis at a local reference laboratory taking up to 2 weeks for a result. We sought to expedite the identification process by validating a RD1, RD9 and hsp65 PCR assay for the identification and differentiation of BCG from TBC. Findings. In last past 3 years, we validated the RD1, RD9 and hsp65 PCR assay for 16 mycobacterial isolates obtained from children who had experienced adverse reactions to BCG vaccination. In these cases, the clinician required a definitive identification of the isolate. The RD1 and RD9 PCR profiles indicated that all 16 isolates were BCG whilst amplification of the hsp65 target functioned as a PCR positive control. When tested against clinical M. tuberculosis (MTB), reference and non-tuberculous mycobacteria the PCR assay demonstrated 100% sensitivity and specificity. Conclusions: The RD1, RD9 and hsp65 PCR assay is a useful tool for the rapid and reliable identification of BCG. Its ease of use has allowed it to be implemented in our clinical microbiology laboratory. © 2013 Teo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Source Title: BMC Research Notes
ISSN: 17560500
DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-6-434
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