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Title: An extracellular bacterial pathogen modulates host metabolism to regulate its own sensing and proliferation
Authors: Baruch, M.
Belotserkovsky, I.
Hertzog, B.B.
Ravins, M.
Dov, E.
McIver, K.S.
Le Breton, Y.S.
Zhou, Y. 
Chen, C.Y.
Hanski, E. 
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Baruch, M., Belotserkovsky, I., Hertzog, B.B., Ravins, M., Dov, E., McIver, K.S., Le Breton, Y.S., Zhou, Y., Chen, C.Y., Hanski, E. (2014). An extracellular bacterial pathogen modulates host metabolism to regulate its own sensing and proliferation. Cell 156 (1-2) : 97-108. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Successful infection depends on the ability of the pathogen to gain nutrients from the host. The extracellular pathogenic bacterium group A Streptococcus (GAS) causes a vast array of human diseases. By using the quorum-sensing sil system as a reporter, we found that, during adherence to host cells, GAS delivers streptolysin toxins, creating endoplasmic reticulum stress. This, in turn, increases asparagine (ASN) synthetase expression and the production of ASN. The released ASN is sensed by the bacteria, altering the expression of ∼17% of GAS genes of which about one-third are dependent on the two-component system TrxSR. The expression of the streptolysin toxins is strongly upregulated, whereas genes linked to proliferation are downregulated in ASN absence. Asparaginase, a widely used chemotherapeutic agent, arrests GAS growth in human blood and blocks GAS proliferation in a mouse model of human bacteremia. These results delineate a pathogenic pathway and propose a therapeutic strategy against GAS infections. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Cell
ISSN: 00928674
DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.12.007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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