Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065231
Title: Dengue Virus Neutralization in Cells Expressing Fc Gamma Receptors
Authors: Chawla, T. 
Chan, K.R.
Zhang, S.L.
Tan, H.C. 
Lim, A.P.C.
Hanson, B.J. 
Ooi, E.E. 
Issue Date: 22-May-2013
Citation: Chawla, T., Chan, K.R., Zhang, S.L., Tan, H.C., Lim, A.P.C., Hanson, B.J., Ooi, E.E. (2013-05-22). Dengue Virus Neutralization in Cells Expressing Fc Gamma Receptors. PLoS ONE 8 (5) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065231
Abstract: Activating Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs) in hematopoietic cells serve to remove antibody-opsonized antigens, including dengue virus (DENV), from systemic circulation. While neutralizing antibody concentrations provide humoral immunity, cross-reactive or sub-neutralizing levels of antibody can result in antibody-dependent enhancement of DENV infection that increases overall viral burden. Recently, it has been suggested that the antibody levels needed for DENV neutralization differs when different FcγR is engaged. If this is true, the threshold titer used to infer immunity should be influenced by FcγR usage. Here, using cells that express both activating and inhibitory FcγRs, we show that the type of FcγR engaged during phagocytosis can influence the antibody concentration requirement for DENV neutralization. We demonstrate that phagocytosis through FcγRI requires significantly less antibody for complete DENV neutralization compared to FcγRIIA. Furthermore, when DENV is opsonized with sub-neutralizing levels of antibody, FcγRI-mediated phagocytosis resulted in significantly reduced DENV titers compared to FcγRIIA. However, while FcγRI may remove antibody-opsonized DENV more efficiently, this receptor is only preferentially engaged by clustering when neutralizing, but not sub-neutralizing antibody concentrations, were used. Collectively, our study demonstrates that activating FcγR usage may influence antibody titers needed for DENV neutralization. © 2013 Chawla et al.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/126595
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065231
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