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Title: Total and high molecular weight adiponectin levels and risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with high blood glucose levels
Authors: Saito, I.
Yamagishi, K.
Chei, C.-L. 
Cui, R.
Ohira, T.
Kitamura, A.
Kiyama, M.
Imano, H.
Okada, T.
Kato, T.
Hitsumoto, S.
Ishikawa, Y.
Tanigawa, T.
Iso, H.
Keywords: Adiponectin
Cardiovascular disease
Prospective study
Issue Date: Jul-2013
Citation: Saito, I., Yamagishi, K., Chei, C.-L., Cui, R., Ohira, T., Kitamura, A., Kiyama, M., Imano, H., Okada, T., Kato, T., Hitsumoto, S., Ishikawa, Y., Tanigawa, T., Iso, H. (2013-07). Total and high molecular weight adiponectin levels and risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with high blood glucose levels. Atherosclerosis 229 (1) : 222-227. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective: The association of adiponectin levels with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may vary by age and health condition. It is unknown whether adiponectin predicts CVD events among individuals with high blood glucose levels. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study among 15,566 men and women aged 40-85 years from four communities, who were free of CVD at baseline. During 192,181 person-years of follow-up, 117 individuals subsequently developed coronary heart disease or ischemic stroke and had high plasma glucose concentrations (fasting/nonfasting≥5.6/7.2mmol/L or treated) at baseline. Controls were randomly selected at a 2:1 ratio and matched for sex, age, blood glucose, year of survey, fasting conditions, and community (. n=234). Baseline total and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin and their ratio were examined for total subjects and the association with CVD was compared between ages of 40-69 and 70-85 years. Results: After adjustment for matched variables and traditional risk factors, total and HMW adiponectin and their ratio were not associated with overall risk of CVD. However, significant interactions of the associations between the age groups were found. The highest quartile for HMW adiponectin and HMW/total adiponectin ratio decreased risk of CVD compared with the lowest quartile among middle-aged individuals (multivariable-adjusted odds ratio=0.33 [95%CI, 0.13-0.83] and 0.47 [0.22-0.98], respectively), while this association was not seen among the elderly. Conclusions: High HMW adiponectin levels may decrease the risk of CVD in middle-aged adults with high blood glucose. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Source Title: Atherosclerosis
ISSN: 00219150
DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.04.014
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