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Title: Apelin attenuates Oxidative stress in human Adipocytes
Authors: Than, A.
Zhang, X.
Leow, M.K.-S.
Poh, C.L.
Chong, S.K. 
Chen, P.
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2014
Citation: Than, A., Zhang, X., Leow, M.K.-S., Poh, C.L., Chong, S.K., Chen, P. (2014-02-07). Apelin attenuates Oxidative stress in human Adipocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 289 (6) : 3763-3774. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Antioxidant effects of apelin on adipocytes are unknown. Results: Apelin not only suppresses production and release of reactive oxygen species, but also relieves oxidative-stress induced cellular dysfunctions in adipocytes. Conclusion: Apelin-APJ signaling acts as the negative autocrine feedbacks against oxidative stress in adipocytes. Significance: Apelin signaling may serve as a potential therapeutic target for metabolic disorders. It has been recently recognized that the increased oxidative stress (ROS overproduction) in obese condition is a key contributor to the pathogenesis of obesity-Associated metabolic diseases. Apelin is an adipocytokine secreted by adipocytes, and known for its anti-obesity and anti-diabetic properties. In obesity, both oxidative stress and plasma level of apelin are increased. However, the regulatory roles of apelin on oxidative stress in adipocytes remain unknown. In the present study, we provide evidence that apelin, through its interaction with apelin receptor (APJ), suppresses production and release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in adipocytes. This is further supported by the observations that apelin promotes the expression of antioxidant enzymes via MAPK kinase/ERK and AMPK pathways, and suppresses the expression of pro-oxidant enzyme via AMPK pathway. We further demonstrate that apelin is able to relieve oxidative stress-induced dysregulations of the expression of anti- and pro-oxidant enzymes, mitochondrial biogenesis and function, as well as release of pro- and anti-inflammatory adipocytokines. This study, for the first time, reveals the antioxidant properties of apelin in adipocytes, and suggests its potential as a novel therapeutic target for metabolic diseases.© 2014 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.526210
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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