Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Cross-cultural differences in the sleep of preschool children
Authors: Mindell, J.A.
Sadeh, A.
Kwon, R.
Goh, D.Y.T. 
Keywords: Child
Sleep patterns
Sleep problems
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Citation: Mindell, J.A., Sadeh, A., Kwon, R., Goh, D.Y.T. (2013-12). Cross-cultural differences in the sleep of preschool children. Sleep Medicine 14 (12) : 1283-1289. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: The aim of our study was to characterize cross-cultural sleep patterns and sleep problems in a large sample of preschool children ages 3-6. years in multiple predominantly Asian (P-A) and predominantly Caucasian (P-C) countries/regions. Methods: Parents of 2590 preschool-aged children (P-A countries/regions: China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand; P-C countries: Australia-New Zealand, Canada, United Kingdom, United States) completed an Internet-based expanded version of the Brief Child Sleep Questionnaire (BCSQ). Results: Overall, children from P-A countries had significantly later bedtimes, shorter nighttime sleep, and increased parental perception of sleep problems compared with those from P-C countries. Bedtimes varied from as early as 7:43. pm in Australia and New Zealand to as late as 10:26. pm in India, a span of almost 3. h. There also were significant differences in daytime sleep with the majority of children in P-A countries continuing to nap, resulting in no differences in 24-h total sleep times (TST) across culture and minimal differences across specific countries. Bed sharing and room sharing are common in P-A countries, with no change across the preschool years. There also were a significant percentage of parents who perceived that their child had a sleep problem (15% in Korea to 44% in China). Conclusions: Overall, our results indicate significant cross-cultural differences in sleep patterns, sleeping arrangements, and parent-reported sleep problems in preschool-aged children. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying bases for these differences and especially for contributors to parents' perceptions of sleep problems. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Sleep Medicine
ISSN: 13899457
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2013.09.002
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


checked on Jan 17, 2020


checked on Jan 10, 2020

Page view(s)

checked on Jan 17, 2020

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.