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Title: Kinetic analysis of L-carnosine formation by β-aminopeptidases
Authors: Heck, T.
Makam, V.S. 
Lutz, J.
Blank, L.M.
Schmid, A.
Seebach, D.
Kohler, H.-P.E.
Geuekea, B.
Keywords: β-aminopeptidases
N-terminal nucleophile (Ntn) hydrolases
Nucleophile reactivity
Peptide synthesis
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2010
Citation: Heck, T., Makam, V.S., Lutz, J., Blank, L.M., Schmid, A., Seebach, D., Kohler, H.-P.E., Geuekea, B. (2010-02-15). Kinetic analysis of L-carnosine formation by β-aminopeptidases. Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis 352 (2-3) : 407-415. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The β,α-dipeptide L-carnosine occurs in high concentrations in long-lived innervated mammalian tissues and is widely sold as a food additive. On a large scale L-carnosine is produced by chemical synthesis procedures. We have established two aqueous enzymatic reaction systems for the preparation of L-carnosine using the dissolved bacterial β-aminopeptidases DmpA from Ochrobactrum anthropi and BapA from Sphingosinicella xenopeptidilytica as catalysts and investigated the kinetics of the enzymecatalyzed peptide couplings. DmpA catalyzed the formation of L-carnosine from C-terminally activated β-alanine derivatives (acyl donor) and L-histidine (acyl acceptor) in an aqueous reaction mixture at pH 10 with high catalytic rates (Vmax=19.2 mmol min-1 per mg of protein, k cat=12.9 s-1), whereas Vmax in the BapA-catalyzed coupling reaction remained below 1.4 mmol min-1 per mg of protein (k cat=0.87 s-1). Although the equilibrium of this reaction lies on the side of the hydrolysis products, the reaction is under kinetic control and L-carnosine temporarily accumulated to concentrations that correspond to yields of more than 50% with respect to the employed acyl donor. However, competing nucleophiles caused unwanted hydrolysis and coupling reactions that led to decreased product yield and to formation of various peptidic by-products. The substitution of l-histidine for L-histidine methyl ester as acyl acceptor shifted the pKa of the amino functionality from 9.25 to 6.97, which caused a drastic reduction in the amount of coupling by-products in an aqueous reaction system at pH 8. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis
ISSN: 16154150
DOI: 10.1002/adsc.200900697
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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