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Title: Increased sensitivity to radiochemotherapy in IDH1 mutant glioblastoma as demonstrated by serial quantitative MR volumetry
Authors: Tran, A.N. 
Lai, A.
Li, S.
Pope, W.B.
Teixeira, S.
Harris, R.J.
Woodworth, D.C.
Nghiemphu, P.L.
Cloughesy, T.F.
Ellingson, B.M.
Keywords: glioblastoma
IDH1 mutation
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Citation: Tran, A.N., Lai, A., Li, S., Pope, W.B., Teixeira, S., Harris, R.J., Woodworth, D.C., Nghiemphu, P.L., Cloughesy, T.F., Ellingson, B.M. (2014-03). Increased sensitivity to radiochemotherapy in IDH1 mutant glioblastoma as demonstrated by serial quantitative MR volumetry. Neuro-Oncology 16 (3) : 414-420. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: BackgroundIsocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations have been linked to favorable outcomes in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Recent in vitro experiments suggest that IDH1 mutation sensitizes tumors to radiation damage. We hypothesized that radiographic treatment response would be significantly different between IDH1 mutant versus wild-type GBMs after radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent temozolomide (TMZ).MethodsA total of 39 newly diagnosed GBM patients with known IDH1 mutational status (10 IDH1 mutants), who followed standard therapy and had regular post-contrast T1W (T1+C) and T2W/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images in the 6-month period after starting RT, were enrolled. The volume of contrast-enhancing and FLAIR hyperintensity were calculated from each scan. Linear and polynomial regression techniques were used to estimate the rate of change and temporal patterns in tumor volumes.ResultsIDH1 mutant GBMs demonstrated a favorable response to RT/TMZ in the study period, as demonstrated by 10 of 10 mutants showing radiographic response (decreasing VT1+C), compared with 13 of 29 wild-types (P 105 days for VFLAIR and 95-120 and >150 days for V T1+C from starting RT/TMZ.ConclusionsThe current study supports the hypothesis that IDH1 mutant GBMs are more sensitive to radiochemotherapy than IDH1 wild-type GBMs. © 2013 The Author(s).
Source Title: Neuro-Oncology
ISSN: 15228517
DOI: 10.1093/neuonc/not198
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