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Title: Implications of a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax when substitutions to non-beverage items are considered
Authors: Finkelstein, E.A. 
Zhen, C.
Bilger, M. 
Nonnemaker, J.
Farooqui, A.M. 
Todd, J.E.
Keywords: Instrumental variables
Nutrient demand models
Sugar-sweetened beverage tax
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Citation: Finkelstein, E.A., Zhen, C., Bilger, M., Nonnemaker, J., Farooqui, A.M., Todd, J.E. (2013-01). Implications of a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax when substitutions to non-beverage items are considered. Journal of Health Economics 32 (1) : 219-239. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Using the 2006 Homescan panel, we estimate the changes in energy, fat and sodium purchases resulting from a tax that increases the price of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) by 20% and the effect of such a tax on body weight. In addition to substitutions that may arise with other beverages, we account for substitutions between SSBs and 12 major food categories. Our main findings are that the tax would result in a decrease in store-bought energy of 24.3. kcal per day per person, which would translate into an average weight loss of 1.6 pounds during the first year and a cumulated weight loss of 2.9 pounds in the long run. We do not find evidence of substitution to sugary foods and show that complementary foods could contribute to decreasing energy purchases. Despite their significantly lower price elasticity, the tax has a similar effect on calories for the largest purchasers of SSBs. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Health Economics
ISSN: 01676296
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.10.005
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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