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Title: p53-inducible DHRS3 is an endoplasmic reticulum protein associated with lipid droplet accumulation
Authors: Deisenroth, C.
Itahana, Y. 
Tollini, L.
Jin, A.
Zhang, Y.
Issue Date: 12-Aug-2011
Citation: Deisenroth, C., Itahana, Y., Tollini, L., Jin, A., Zhang, Y. (2011-08-12). p53-inducible DHRS3 is an endoplasmic reticulum protein associated with lipid droplet accumulation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286 (32) : 28343-28356. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The transcription factor p53 plays a critical role in maintaining homeostasis as it relates to cellular growth, proliferation, and metabolism. In an effort to identify novel p53 target genes, a microarray approach was utilized to identify DHRS3 (also known as retSDR1) as a robust candidate gene. DHRS3 is a highly conserved member of the short chain alcohol dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily with a reported role in lipid and retinoid metabolism. Here, we demonstrate that DHRS3 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein that is shuttled to theERvia an N-terminal endoplasmic reticulum targeting signal. One important function of the ER is synthesis of neutral lipids that are packaged into lipid droplets whose biogenesis occurs from ER-derived membranes. DHRS3 is enriched at focal points of lipid droplet budding where it also localizes to the phospholipid monolayer of ER-derived lipid droplets. p53 promotes lipid droplet accumulation in a manner consistent with DHRS3 enrichment in the ER. As a p53 target gene, the observations of Dhrs3 location and potential function provide novel insight into an unexpected role for p53 in lipid droplet dynamics with implications in cancer cell metabolism and obesity. © 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.254227
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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