Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12476
Title: Clinical evolution of Parkinson's disease and prognostic factors affecting motor progression: 9-year follow-up study
Authors: Reinoso, G.
Allen, J.C. 
Au, W.-L.
Seah, S.-H.
Tay, K.-Y.
Tan, L.C.S. 
Keywords: Age
Cognition
Disease subtype
Gender
Motor
Parkinson's disease
Progression
Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS)
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2015
Citation: Reinoso, G., Allen, J.C., Au, W.-L., Seah, S.-H., Tay, K.-Y., Tan, L.C.S. (2015-03-01). Clinical evolution of Parkinson's disease and prognostic factors affecting motor progression: 9-year follow-up study. European Journal of Neurology 22 (3) : 457-463. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12476
Abstract: Background and purpose: There have been few long-term studies that have characterized and charted the clinical progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study was therefore undertaken to understand the natural clinical evolution of treated PD patients and to identify the variables that predict greater progression in these patients. Methods: A longitudinal linear mixed model analysis of motor score progression was performed on 576 PD patients derived from the National Neuroscience Institute Movement Disorders Database. Clinical and demographic variables were taken at baseline and formed the subgroups for comparison (gender, age at diagnosis, subtype, Mini-Mental State Examination score and baseline motor score). Motor score progression was calculated at each patient follow-up time point as the difference between Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score at baseline and follow-up scores. Results: The overall annual motor score progression as measured by the change of UPDRS motor scores from baseline ranged from 0.62% to 3.67%. There are three distinct phases: improvement, stability, and steady progression. Patients returned to baseline score 2-2.5 years after diagnosis, with stability lasting to 7 years, followed by a period of steady progression. When analyzed longitudinally, male gender (P < 0.03), older age at diagnosis (P < 0.05), akinetic-rigid subtype (P < 0.04), cognitive impairment (P < 0.005) and lower baseline motor score (P < 0.04) were associated with greater progression of motor scores. Conclusions: Our results show that, when measured clinically, motor progression was non-linear and that it occurred in distinct phases, all of which were affected by baseline demographic and clinical variables such as gender, age at diagnosis, disease subtype, cognitive status and baseline motor score. © 2014 The Author(s).
Source Title: European Journal of Neurology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/124640
ISSN: 13515101
DOI: 10.1111/ene.12476
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

30
checked on Jul 22, 2019

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

31
checked on Jul 15, 2019

Page view(s)

35
checked on Jul 19, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.