Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1080/13621025.2014.905272
Title: Immigration, society and modalities of citizenship in Singapore
Authors: Thompson, E.C. 
Keywords: citizenship
community
immigration
neoliberal
Singapore
transnationalism
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Thompson, E.C. (2014). Immigration, society and modalities of citizenship in Singapore. Citizenship Studies 18 (3-4) : 315-331. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1080/13621025.2014.905272
Abstract: In this article, I argue that three modalities of citizenship are at play in Singapore: liberal, communal and social. Using a grounded theoretical approach, I highlight the instances in which these modes of conceptualizing citizenship appear in discourse, practice and policy. While past scholarship has highlighted the contrast between liberal and communal modes of citizenship, the social mode has been largely subsumed and obscured within the rubric of communal (or communitarian) democracy and ethno-nationalist citizenship. The article analyzes the interplay among these three modes of citizenship as they played out in the discourse surrounding the 2011 General Election in Singapore. The tension between citizens and noncitizens has become a central political issue in Singapore. Less recognized, but highlighted in my analysis, liberal and communal senses of citizenship are in tension not only with each other but also with a notion of the social based on relationships of mutual benefit and obligation rather than communal, categorical belonging. Drawing on Robert Esposito's critique of modern ideas of community and (re)theorization of communitas, I argue that in the case of Singapore and elsewhere, reintroducing a notion of the social (as distinct from the communal) holds potential for discourses, practices and policies that can transcend the divisiveness associated with communalism and the socioeconomic inequalities associated with liberalism. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Source Title: Citizenship Studies
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/124577
ISSN: 14693593
DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2014.905272
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