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Title: When being discrepant from one's ideal or ought selves hurts: The moderating role of neuroticism
Authors: Hong, R.Y. 
Triyono, W.
Ong, P.S.
Keywords: Anxiety
Issue Date: May-2013
Citation: Hong, R.Y., Triyono, W., Ong, P.S. (2013-05). When being discrepant from one's ideal or ought selves hurts: The moderating role of neuroticism. European Journal of Personality 27 (3) : 256-270. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Self-discrepancy theory posits that people experience emotional consequences when they perceive discrepancies between their actual and possible selves. However, the extent to which people react emotionally to these self-discrepancies (i.e. ideal, ought and undesired) may be a function of individual differences in neuroticism. Across both experimental (Study 1; N = 155) and correlational designs (Study 2; N = 139) involving college students, the authors demonstrated that neuroticism moderated the discrepancy-emotion associations such that high-neuroticism individuals showed elevated depression and anxiety symptoms when their self-discrepancies were activated. The heightened symptoms were maintained over time. Negative repetitive thoughts (i.e. rumination and worry) were examined as potential mediating mechanisms between the discrepancy×neuroticism interaction and symptoms. Partial support was obtained in that rumination mediated between undesired discrepancy×neuroticism interaction and anxious/depressive symptoms. Implications and possible theoretical extensions for self-discrepancy theory are discussed. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: European Journal of Personality
ISSN: 08902070
DOI: 10.1002/per.1888
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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