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Title: The many faces of assumed similarity in perceptions of personality
Authors: Paunonen, S.V.
Hong, R.Y. 
Keywords: Accuracy
Assumed similarity
Person perception
Personality ratings
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Citation: Paunonen, S.V., Hong, R.Y. (2013-12). The many faces of assumed similarity in perceptions of personality. Journal of Research in Personality 47 (6) : 800-815. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We propose that most coefficients of assumed similarity in acquaintance ratings are based on actual similarity between observer and target rather than any bias to project self onto other. We assessed assumed similarity, actual similarity, and rater accuracy in 62 university roommate dyads who rated each other on 74 personality-related variables. Our findings indicate that our roommates (a) were actually alike on many variables, (b) knew this, rather than assumed it, and (c) applied this knowledge to enhance the accuracy of their ratings. We outline a model of judgment that urges three distinct concepts: true assumed similarity, known similarity, and spurious similarity. We conclude that personality ratings among acquaintances reflecting true assumed similarity are probably rare. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Research in Personality
ISSN: 00926566
DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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