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Title: What constrains grammatical gender effects on semantic judgements? Evidence from Portuguese
Authors: Ramos, S. 
Roberson, D.
Keywords: Grammatical gender
Semantic judgements
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Ramos, S., Roberson, D. (2011). What constrains grammatical gender effects on semantic judgements? Evidence from Portuguese. Journal of Cognitive Psychology 23 (1) : 102-111. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Four studies investigated whether grammatical gender biases the semantic judgements of Portuguese speakers, relative to speakers of English. Some research reports that grammatical gender has a pervasive influence on speakers' cognitive representations (e.g., Boroditsky, Schmidt, & Philips, 2003; Sera, Elieff, Forbes, Burch, & Rodriguez, 2002). Others argue that effects of grammar arise through linguistic processing (e.g., Vigliocco, Vinson, Paganelli, & Dworzynski, 2005) and are restricted to animate categories for which gender is a pertinent feature. The present results found effects of gender in Portuguese speakers' judgements of inanimate objects, but only when gender was task relevant and/or when the stimuli were words, rather than pictures. These findings support the view that gender effects on cognitive judgements arise as a function of linguistic processing and/or task demands, rather than directly influencing conceptual or semantic representations. © 2010 Psychology Press.
Source Title: Journal of Cognitive Psychology
ISSN: 20445911
DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2011.466795
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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