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Title: Folic acid supplementation affects apoptosis and differentiation of embryonic neural stem cells exposed to high glucose
Authors: Jia, D.-y.
Liu, H.-j.
Wang, F.-w.
Liu, S.-m.
Ling, E.-A. 
Liu, K.
Hao, A.-j.
Keywords: Apoptosis
Folic acid
High glucose
Neural stem cells
Transcription factor
Issue Date: 25-Jul-2008
Citation: Jia, D.-y., Liu, H.-j., Wang, F.-w., Liu, S.-m., Ling, E.-A., Liu, K., Hao, A.-j. (2008-07-25). Folic acid supplementation affects apoptosis and differentiation of embryonic neural stem cells exposed to high glucose. Neuroscience Letters 440 (1) : 27-31. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Folic acid (FA) supplementation has been shown to be extremely effective in reducing the occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs), one of the most common birth defects associated with diabetic pregnancy. However, the antiteratogenic mechanism of FA in diabetes-induced NTDs is unclear. This study investigated the neuroprotective mechanism of FA in neural stem cells (NSCs) exposed to high glucose in vitro. The undifferentiated or differentiated NSCs were cultured in normal d-glucose concentration (NG) or high d-glucose concentration (HG) with or without FA. FA supplementation significantly decreased apoptosis induced by HG and lowered the expression of p53 in the nucleus of undifferentiated NSCs exposed to HG. Administration of FA in differentiated NSCs did not alter their precocious differentiation induced by HG. The increased mRNA expression levels of the basic helix-loop-helix factors including Neurog1, Neurog2, NeuroD2, Mash1, Id1, Id2, and Hes5 in the presence of HG were not significantly affected by FA. The present results provided a cellular mechanism by which FA supplementation may have a potential role in prevention of NTDs in diabetic pregnancies. On the other hand, FA increased the mRNA expression levels of the above transcription factors and accelerated the differentiation of NSCs in the NG medium, suggesting that it may adversely affect the normal differentiation of NSCs. Therefore, the timing and dose of FA would be critical factors in considering FA supplementation in normal maternal pregnancy. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Neuroscience Letters
ISSN: 03043940
DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.05.053
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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