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Title: Comparing contractile apparatus-driven cytokinesis mechanisms across kingdoms
Authors: Balasubramanian, M.K.
Srinivasan, R. 
Huang, Y.
Ng, K.-H.
Keywords: Contractile apparatus
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Citation: Balasubramanian, M.K., Srinivasan, R., Huang, Y., Ng, K.-H. (2012-11). Comparing contractile apparatus-driven cytokinesis mechanisms across kingdoms. Cytoskeleton 69 (11) : 942-956. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Cytokinesis is the final stage of the cell cycle during which a cell physically divides into two daughters through the assembly of new membranes (and cell wall in some cases) between the forming daughters. New membrane assembly can either proceed centripetally behind a contractile apparatus, as in the case of prokaryotes, archaea, fungi, and animals or expand centrifugally, as in the case of higher plants. In this article, we compare the mechanisms of cytokinesis in diverse organisms dividing through the use of a contractile apparatus. While an actomyosin ring participates in cytokinesis in almost all centripetally dividing eukaryotes, the majority of bacteria and archaea (except Crenarchaea) divide using a ring composed of the tubulin-related protein FtsZ. Curiously, despite molecular conservation of the division machinery components, division site placement and its cell cycle regulation occur by a variety of unrelated mechanisms even among organisms from the same kingdom. While molecular motors and cytoskeletal polymer dynamics contribute to force generation during eukaryotic cytokinesis, cytoskeletal polymer dynamics alone appears to be sufficient for force generation during prokaryotic cytokinesis. Intriguingly, there are life forms on this planet that appear to lack molecules currently known to participate in cytokinesis and how these cells perform cytokinesis remains a mystery waiting to be unravelled. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Cytoskeleton
ISSN: 19493584
DOI: 10.1002/cm.21082
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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