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Title: Reforming China's funding of compulsory education: Changes and their outcomes
Authors: Litao, Z. 
Keywords: Decentralization
Educational funding
Educational reform
Regional gap
Urban-rural gap
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Citation: Litao, Z. (2010-02). Reforming China's funding of compulsory education: Changes and their outcomes. Social Sciences in China 31 (1) : 55-73. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the 1980s and 1990s, China was an important part of the worldwide decentralization of education. Mainstream research at the time highlighted the inherent rationality of a "low center of gravity" and multiple sources of educational funding and stressed decentralization as an irreversible trend. Since 2001, however, China has readjusted its system of administration of rural compulsory education. Our empirical analysis suggests that this reform is not an extension and refinement of the previous decentralization reform; rather, it represents a renewed effort to reestablish government responsibility for compulsory education. The 2001 reform has led to a rapid increase in government investment in education and a considerable improvement in educational equity, especially in primary education. It therefore provides not just a valuable reference for educational reform around the world, but also an opportunity to reflect upon a series of propositions and assumptions in mainstream research. © 2010 Social Sciences in China Press.
Source Title: Social Sciences in China
ISSN: 02529203
DOI: 10.1080/02529200903565087
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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