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Title: Predicting in vivo anti-hepatofibrotic drug efficacy based on in vitro high-content analysis
Authors: Zheng, B.
Tan, L.
Mo, X.
Yu, W.
Wang, Y.
Tucker-Kellogg, L. 
Welsch, R.E.
So, P.T.C.
Yu, H. 
Issue Date: 2-Nov-2011
Citation: Zheng, B., Tan, L., Mo, X., Yu, W., Wang, Y., Tucker-Kellogg, L., Welsch, R.E., So, P.T.C., Yu, H. (2011-11-02). Predicting in vivo anti-hepatofibrotic drug efficacy based on in vitro high-content analysis. PLoS ONE 6 (11) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background/Aims: Many anti-fibrotic drugs with high in vitro efficacies fail to produce significant effects in vivo. The aim of this work is to use a statistical approach to design a numerical predictor that correlates better with in vivo outcomes. Methods: High-content analysis (HCA) was performed with 49 drugs on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) LX-2 stained with 10 fibrotic markers. ~0.3 billion feature values from all cells in >150,000 images were quantified to reflect the drug effects. A systematic literature search on the in vivo effects of all 49 drugs on hepatofibrotic rats yields 28 papers with histological scores. The in vivo and in vitro datasets were used to compute a single efficacy predictor (E predict). Results: We used in vivo data from one context (CCl 4 rats with drug treatments) to optimize the computation of E predict. This optimized relationship was independently validated using in vivo data from two different contexts (treatment of DMN rats and prevention of CCl 4 induction). A linear in vitro-in vivo correlation was consistently observed in all the three contexts. We used E predict values to cluster drugs according to efficacy; and found that high-efficacy drugs tended to target proliferation, apoptosis and contractility of HSCs. Conclusions: The E predict statistic, based on a prioritized combination of in vitro features, provides a better correlation between in vitro and in vivo drug response than any of the traditional in vitro markers considered. © 2011 Zheng et al.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026230
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