Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Plasmin triggers a switch-like decrease in thrombospondin-dependent activation of TGF-β1
Authors: Venkatraman, L.
Chia, S.-M.
Narmada, B.C.
White, J.K.
Bhowmick, S.S.
Forbes Dewey, C.
So, P.T.
Tucker-Kellogg, L. 
Yu, H. 
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2012
Citation: Venkatraman, L., Chia, S.-M., Narmada, B.C., White, J.K., Bhowmick, S.S., Forbes Dewey, C., So, P.T., Tucker-Kellogg, L., Yu, H. (2012-09-05). Plasmin triggers a switch-like decrease in thrombospondin-dependent activation of TGF-β1. Biophysical Journal 103 (5) : 1060-1068. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a potent regulator of extracellular matrix production, wound healing, differentiation, and immune response, and is implicated in the progression of fibrotic diseases and cancer. Extracellular activation of TGF-β1 from its latent form provides spatiotemporal control over TGF-β1 signaling, but the current understanding of TGF-β1 activation does not emphasize cross talk between activators. Plasmin (PLS) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) have been studied individually as activators of TGF-β1, and in this work we used a systems-level approach with mathematical modeling and in vitro experiments to study the interplay between PLS and TSP1 in TGF-β1 activation. Simulations and steady-state analysis predicted a switch-like bistable transition between two levels of active TGF-β1, with an inverse correlation between PLS and TSP1. In particular, the model predicted that increasing PLS breaks a TSP1-TGF-β1 positive feedback loop and causes an unexpected net decrease in TGF-β1 activation. To test these predictions in vitro, we treated rat hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells with PLS, which caused proteolytic cleavage of TSP1 and decreased activation of TGF-β1. The TGF-β1 activation levels showed a cooperative dose response, and a test of hysteresis in the cocultured cells validated that TGF-β1 activation is bistable. We conclude that switch-like behavior arises from natural competition between two distinct modes of TGF-β1 activation: a TSP1-mediated mode of high activation and a PLS-mediated mode of low activation. This switch suggests an explanation for the unexpected effects of the plasminogen activation system on TGF-β1 in fibrotic diseases in vivo, as well as novel prognostic and therapeutic approaches for diseases with TGF-β dysregulation. © 2012 Biophysical Society.
Source Title: Biophysical Journal
ISSN: 00063495
DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2012.06.050
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


checked on Jan 27, 2020


checked on Jan 27, 2020

Page view(s)

checked on Jan 25, 2020

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.