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Title: Health impact and safety of engineered nanomaterials
Authors: Teow, Y.
Asharani, P.V. 
Hande, M.P.
Valiyaveettil, S. 
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Teow, Y., Asharani, P.V., Hande, M.P., Valiyaveettil, S. (2011). Health impact and safety of engineered nanomaterials. Chemical Communications 47 (25) : 7025-7038. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Many engineered nanomaterials (NMs) are being synthesized and explored for potential use in consumer and medical products. Already, nanoparticles (NPs) of titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), silver (Ag) and other metals or their oxides are present in commercial products such as sunscreens, cosmetics, wound dressings, surgical tools, detergents, automotive paints and tires. More recent and advanced FDA-approved use of NMs includes quantum dots (QDs) in live cell imaging, zirconium oxides in bone replacement and prosthetic devices and nanocarriers in drug delivery. The benefits from nanotechnology are aplenty, comprising antimicrobial activities, scratch- and water-resistance, long-lasting shine, improved processor speeds and better display resolution, to name a few. While developers of these products often focus on the exciting beneficial aspects of their products, safety and toxicity issues are often not discussed in detail. Long-term effects such as chronic exposure and environmental pollution are even less documented. Along with widespread manufacture and use of NMs, concerns for occupational hazards, proper handling, disposal, storage, shipping and clean up are expected to rise. This review focus on the possible biological impact of engineered NPs, serving as a reminder that nanomaterials can become a double-edged sword if not properly handled. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Chemical Communications
ISSN: 13597345
DOI: 10.1039/c0cc05271j
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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