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Title: Phase I study of immunotherapy of cutaneous metastases of human carcinoma using allogeneic and xenogeneic MHC DNA-liposome complexes
Authors: Hui, K.M. 
Ang, P.T.
Huang, L.
Tay, S.K.
Keywords: Allogeneic
Cationic liposomes
Tumor-specific immunity
Issue Date: 1997
Citation: Hui, K.M.,Ang, P.T.,Huang, L.,Tay, S.K. (1997). Phase I study of immunotherapy of cutaneous metastases of human carcinoma using allogeneic and xenogeneic MHC DNA-liposome complexes. Gene Therapy 4 (8) : 783-790. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The generation of strong tumor-specific immunity by in situ gene therapy is an attractive approach for the eradication of human cancer lesions. The objectives of this study were to examine the toxicities of employing the human HLA-A2, HLA-B13 and the murine H-2K(k) genes to generate tumor regression in patients with different cancer types via DC-Chol/DOPE cationic liposomes. The study was composed of two phase I/II trials involving a total of 19 late-stage cancer patients. The patients were given four weekly injections of a DNA-liposome mixture directly into a cutaneous nodule. These procedures resulted in no significant clinical side-effects. The HLA-A2 gene gave the highest level of expression in situ. Although all patients treated had progressive systemic disease and eventually succumbed to their disease, strong local responses were generated in the treated nodules. Of the eight patients whose cutaneous nodules received HLA-A2 DNA, two completely regressed while four tumor modules gave a partial local response. All but one of the patients who received HLA-A2-liposome mixtures and had a subsequential local response were either cervical or ovarian carcinoma patients. This local response, seen in a group of patients who had relapsed stage IV systemic metastatic disease and were refractory to all available therapies, demonstrates the generation of a strong local immune reponse following our in situ gene therapy protocol. Further studies to investigate the use of HLA-A2 DC-Chol/DOPE cationic liposomes for immunotherapy of cervical and ovarian cancers are warranted.
Source Title: Gene Therapy
ISSN: 09697128
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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