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Title: Mode of the autocrine/paracrine mechanism of growth hormone action
Authors: Liu, N. 
Mertani, H.C. 
Norstedt, G.
Törnell, J.
Lobie, P.E. 
Issue Date: 25-Nov-1997
Citation: Liu, N., Mertani, H.C., Norstedt, G., Törnell, J., Lobie, P.E. (1997-11-25). Mode of the autocrine/paracrine mechanism of growth hormone action. Experimental Cell Research 237 (1) : 196-206. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: GH is synthesized at multiple extrapituitary sites suggestive of an autocrine/paracrine mechanism of action. We have investigated a possible autocrine/paracrine mechanism of GH action, compared the cellular response to exogenous versus endogenously produced GH, and determined the nature of the interaction between external stimuli and endogenously produced GH. BRL cells expressing the GH receptor were transiently transfected with expression plasmids containing either the hGH or the bGH gene and the response of the cell was measured by CAT reporter plasmids requiring either STATs 1 and 3 or STAT5 for their response. Transient transfection of the hGH gene resuited in hGH accumulation in the cell and secretion into the media. The functional response through STATs 1 and 3 and STAT5 obtained with endogenously produced hGH was comparable or greater in magnitude to that obtained with the maximal stimulatory dose of exogenous hGH. Similar results were obtained with an expression plasmid containing the bGH gene. Endogenously produced hGH interacted in an additive manner when combined with submaximal doses of both exogenous hGH and serum. Such results were also observed in a more physiologically relevant mammary carcinoma cell line (MCF-7). The nonreceptor-dimerizing hGH antagonist, hGH-G120R, used in cells expressing the homologous receptor extracellular domain was able to only partially inhibit the response of the cell to endogenously produced hGH, in contrast to full inhibition of exogenous hGH. We therefore conclude that GH can function in an autocrine/paracrine manner, additive in effect to external stimuli.
Source Title: Experimental Cell Research
ISSN: 00144827
DOI: 10.1006/excr.1997.3789
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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