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Title: Between local community and central state: Financing basic education in China
Authors: Zhao, L. 
Keywords: Basic education
Educational surcharges
Regional disparity
Rural-urban gap
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Citation: Zhao, L. (2009-07). Between local community and central state: Financing basic education in China. International Journal of Educational Development 29 (4) : 366-373. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: From the early 1980s, China underwent perhaps the world's largest and most comprehensive experiment of decentralization in education. There has been a shift from decentralization to some degree of recentralization, however, since the mid-1990s, particularly since the early 2000s. The purpose of this shift was to establish a stable and regularized financing mechanism for rural education. Using provincial-level data from between 1997 and 2005, this paper analyzes whether the shift worked as expected. It finds that by the end of 2005, there had been a substantial decrease in the rural-urban gap, the regional disparity, and the overall inequality in per student budgetary expenditure and total spending. Much of the decline occurred in the 2000s. Moreover, the rural-urban gap declined more rapidly than the regional disparity, and inequalities in spending on primary education declined much more rapidly than junior secondary education. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Educational Development
ISSN: 07380593
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2008.10.005
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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