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Title: Synthesis and electrochemical studies of layer-structured metastable α i-LiVOPO 4
Authors: Shahul Hameed, A.
Nagarathinam, M. 
Reddy, M.V. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Vittal, J.J. 
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2012
Citation: Shahul Hameed, A., Nagarathinam, M., Reddy, M.V., Chowdari, B.V.R., Vittal, J.J. (2012-04-21). Synthesis and electrochemical studies of layer-structured metastable α i-LiVOPO 4. Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 (15) : 7206-7213. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The layer structured α I-LiVOPO 4 was obtained via a two step chemical synthesis. In the first step, a hydrated phase, LiVOPO 4·2H 2O, was obtained by a simple hydrothermal route at 120 °C. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the structure of LiVOPO 4·2H 2O to be orthorhombic with lattice parameters: a = 8.9454(7) Å, b = 9.0406(7) Å and c = 12.7373(10) Å. Dehydration of the parent compound led to its structural transformation to tetragonal α I-LiVOPO 4, which was only identified previously during the lithium insertion in VOPO 4. We have investigated the solid-state dehydration of LiVOPO 4· 2H 2O and proposed a possible mechanism for the crystal structure transformation. Electrochemical characterization of this rarely studied tetragonal phase revealed its good lithium cycling at high operating voltage. Galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling of α I-LiVOPO 4 was studied in a voltage window of 2.5-4.5 V, which shows a stable reversible capacity of 103(±3) mA h g -1 at a current density of 16 mA g -1 (0.1 C). At higher current rates, although it exhibited good cyclability, the capacity was found to decrease with increasing current rates. The long term cycling stability of the above material was demonstrated at a current rate of 0.5 C up to 200 cycles. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN: 09599428
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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