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Title: Surface exploration of Amphibalanus amphitrite cyprids on microtextured surfaces
Authors: Chaw, K.C.
Dickinson, G.H. 
Ang, K.Y.
Deng, J.
Birch, W.R.
Keywords: Amphibalanus amphitrite
Behavioural assay
Cypris larva
Microtextured surfaces
Surface exploration behaviour
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Citation: Chaw, K.C., Dickinson, G.H., Ang, K.Y., Deng, J., Birch, W.R. (2011-04). Surface exploration of Amphibalanus amphitrite cyprids on microtextured surfaces. Biofouling 27 (4) : 413-422. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Microtopography is one of several strategies used by marine organisms to inhibit colonization by fouling organisms. While replicates of natural microtextures discourage settlement, details of larval interactions with the structured surfaces remain scarce. Close-range microscopy was used to quantify the exploration of cyprids of Amphibalanus amphitrite on cylindrical micropillars with heights of 5 and 30 μm and diameters ranging from 5 to 100 μm. While 5 μm-high structures had little impact, 30 μm-high pillars significantly influenced cyprid exploration. An observed step length decrease and step duration increase on 5 μm diameter pillars is attributed to the small dimensions of the voids excluding the cyprid's attachment disc and consequently reducing the area of adhesive contact. When exploring larger diameter pillars, cyprids preferred using the voids to form temporary attachment points. This may enhance their resistance to flow. No-choice assay settlement patterns mirrored this exploration behaviour, albeit in a pattern counter to what was predicted. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Source Title: Biofouling
ISSN: 08927014
DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2011.577210
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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