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Title: A demographic perspective on the Muslim world
Authors: Jones, G.W. 
Keywords: Contraception
Human development
Issue Date: Nov-2006
Citation: Jones, G.W. (2006-11). A demographic perspective on the Muslim world. Journal of Population Research 23 (2) : 243-265. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A demographic perspective is relevant to understanding the position of Muslims in today's world. This paper examines the size and growth of Muslim populations, and whether most Muslims live in overwhelmingly Muslim countries. It also examines indices of poverty and human development for Muslim-majority countries, and the growth of the youth population; finally, it examines the key components of population growth: mortality and fertility. Mortality has declined sharply over the past 15 years in many Muslim countries, though not in all, and Muslim countries are no longer prominent among the 'outliers' with higher mortality than expected on the basis of their income levels. Fertility rates are also declining sharply in a number of major Muslim-majority countries, raising interesting issues about attitudes of different schools of Islamic jurisprudence, village-level religious leaders and ordinary Muslims towards contraception and abortion, as well as the role of socio-economic development and family planning programs in fertility declines. Despite these declines, past high fertility in many Muslim-majority countries leaves as a legacy a rapidly growing adolescent population and a burgeoning, inadequately educated labour force.
Source Title: Journal of Population Research
ISSN: 14432447
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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