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Title: GDNF family ligand dependent STAT3 activation is mediated by specific alternatively spliced isoforms of GFRα2 and RET
Authors: Zhou, L. 
Too, H.-P.
Keywords: GDNF
Mitochondrial STAT3
Receptor isoform
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Citation: Zhou, L., Too, H.-P. (2013-12). GDNF family ligand dependent STAT3 activation is mediated by specific alternatively spliced isoforms of GFRα2 and RET. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research 1833 (12) : 2789-2802. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Neurturin (NRTN), a member of the GDNF family of ligands (GFL), is currently investigated in a series of clinical trials for Parkinson's disease. NRTN signals through its cognate receptor GFRα2 and co-receptor RET to induce neurite outgrowth, but the underlying mechanism remains to be better understood. STAT3 was previously shown to be activated by oncogenic RET, independent of ligand and GFRα. In this study, we demonstrated that NRTN induced serine727 but not tyrosine705 phosphorylation of STAT3 in primary cortical neuron and neuronal cell lines. Remarkably, STAT3 phosphorylation was found to be mediated specifically by GFRα2c and RET9 isoforms. Furthermore, serine but not tyrosine dominant negative mutant of STAT3 impaired NRTN induced neurite outgrowth, indicative of the role of STAT3 as a downstream mediator of NRTN function. Similar to NGF, the NRTN induced P-Ser-STAT3 was localized to the mitochondria but not to the nucleus. Mitochondrial STAT3 was further found to be intimately involved in NRTN induced neurite outgrowth. Collectively, these findings demonstrated the hitherto unrecognized and novel role of specific GFRα2 and RET isoforms in mediating NRTN activation of STAT3 and the transcription independent mechanism whereby the mitochondria localized P-Ser-STAT3 mediated NRTN induced neurite outgrowth. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
ISSN: 01674889
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2013.07.004
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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