Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.674029
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dc.titleVariability and recognition memory: Are there analogous indexical effects in music and speech?
dc.contributor.authorLim, S.W.H.
dc.contributor.authorGoh, W.D.
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-02T02:49:31Z
dc.date.available2014-12-02T02:49:31Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-01
dc.identifier.citationLim, S.W.H., Goh, W.D. (2012-08-01). Variability and recognition memory: Are there analogous indexical effects in music and speech?. Journal of Cognitive Psychology 24 (5) : 602-616. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.674029
dc.identifier.issn20445911
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/114211
dc.description.abstractIndexical effects refer to the influence of surface variability of the to-be-remembered items, such as different voices speaking the same words or different timbres (musical instruments) playing the same melodies, on recognition memory performance. The nature of timbre effects in melody recognition was investigated in two experiments. Experiment 1 showed that melodies that remained in the same timbre from study to test were discriminated better than melodies presented in a previously studied but different, or unstudied timbre at test. Timbre effects are attributed solely to instance-specific matching, rather than timbre-specific familiarity. In Experiment 2, when a previously unstudied timbre was similar to the original timbre and it played the melodies at test, performance was comparable to the condition when the exact same timbre was repeated at test. The use of a similar timbre at test enabled the listener to discriminate old from new melodies reliably. Overall, our data suggest that timbre-specific information is encoded and stored in long-term memory. Analogous indexical effects arising from timbre (nonmusical) and voice (nonlexical) attributes in music and speech processing respectively are implied and discussed. © 2012 Copyright Psychology Press Ltd.
dc.description.urihttp://libproxy1.nus.edu.sg/login?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.674029
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectMelody recognition memory
dc.subjectSpoken word recognition
dc.subjectTalker-variability effects
dc.subjectTimbre-repetition effects
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentPSYCHOLOGY
dc.description.doi10.1080/20445911.2012.674029
dc.description.sourcetitleJournal of Cognitive Psychology
dc.description.volume24
dc.description.issue5
dc.description.page602-616
dc.identifier.isiut000306527400008
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