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Title: Near-work activity and myopia in rural and urban schoolchildren in China
Authors: Saw, S.-M. 
Hong, R.-Z.
Zhang, M.-Z.
Fu, Z.-F.
Ye, M.
Tan, D.
Chew, S.-J.
Issue Date: May-2001
Citation: Saw, S.-M.,Hong, R.-Z.,Zhang, M.-Z.,Fu, Z.-F.,Ye, M.,Tan, D.,Chew, S.-J. (2001-05). Near-work activity and myopia in rural and urban schoolchildren in China. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 38 (3) : 149-155. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: To examine the prevalence of myopia in rural and urban schoolchildren in Xiamen, China, and to assess the impact of environmental factors on rates of myopia. Methods: Second-grade children attending either a city (n=119) or rural (n=91) school in Xiamen, China, were examined using cycloplegic autorefraction and biometry. Detailed questions on socioeconomic status, near-work activity, reading and writing habits, and family histories of myopia were asked in a face-to-face interview using a standard questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of myopia was 19.3% (95% confidence interval [Cl], 12.3, 29) in the city and 6.6% (95% Cl, 2.4, 14.3) in the countryside. The average hours per day children spent reading and writing outside of school was 2.2 hours in the city compared with 1.6 hours in the countryside (P
Source Title: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
ISSN: 01913913
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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