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Title: Effect of storage conditions on the extraction of PCR-quality genomic DNA from saliva
Authors: Ng, D.P.K. 
Koh, D. 
Choo, S.G.L.
Ng, V.
Fu, Q.
Keywords: Analysis of variance
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Genomic DNA
Glutamine-fructose-6- phosphate transaminase 1
Optical density
Phosphate-buffered saline
Polymerase chain reaction
Storage conditions
Issue Date: May-2004
Citation: Ng, D.P.K., Koh, D., Choo, S.G.L., Ng, V., Fu, Q. (2004-05). Effect of storage conditions on the extraction of PCR-quality genomic DNA from saliva. Clinica Chimica Acta 343 (1-2) : 191-194. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Saliva is a potentially useful source of genomic DNA for genetic studies since it can be collected in a painless and non-invasive manner. We sought to determine whether different storage conditions of saliva samples impact our ability to extract genomic DNA that is of sufficient quality for use in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Methods: Saliva was collected from healthy volunteers and 2-ml aliquots subjected to different storage conditions: S1 - washing of saliva using phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and extraction of DNA on the same day of collection; S2 - washing and centrifugation to yield a pellet, which was stored at-70°C for 1 week prior to DNA extraction; S3 - storage of whole saliva at 4°C for 7 days, followed by washing and extraction of DNA; S4 - storage at 4°C for 7 days, followed by washing and pellet formation. The pellet was stored at -70°C for 1 month before extraction of the DNA; S5 - storage at-70°C for 1 month, followed by washing and extraction of DNA. DNA yield and purity was determined by spectrophotometry at 260 and 280 nm. Twenty nanograms of genomic DNA was used for the polymerase chain reaction, and the resulting PCR band was captured by digital photography and quantified. Results: The amounts of DNA extracted from 2 ml of saliva varied widely under the different storage conditions, while purity of the DNA extraction, based on OD260/280 ratios, was good and comparable. PCR resulted in the presence of a single specific product of the correct size from all samples regardless of saliva storage conditions. Quantification of PCR bands showed significant differences between the various storage conditions (P
Source Title: Clinica Chimica Acta
ISSN: 00098981
DOI: 10.1016/j.cccn.2004.01.013
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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