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Title: Anisometropia in Singapore school children
Authors: Tong, L.
Saw, S.-M. 
Chia, K.-S. 
Tan, D.
Issue Date: Mar-2004
Citation: Tong, L., Saw, S.-M., Chia, K.-S., Tan, D. (2004-03). Anisometropia in Singapore school children. American Journal of Ophthalmology 137 (3) : 474-479. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose To report the prevalence rates of anisometropia in a school population and determine the relative contribution of refractive power and axial length to the measured anisometropia. Design Population-based cross-sectional study. Methods Autorefraction, keratometry, and ultrasonography studies were made. Setting: Three schools, located on the eastern, northern, and western part of Singapore. Study Population: In all, 1,979 children aged 7 to 9 years were recruited for this study. The study sample included Chinese (n = 1,481), Malay (n = 324), and Asian Indian (n = 174) children; 720 subjects have myopia (spherical equivalent ≤ -0.5 diopters) in at least one eye. Main Outcome Measure: Anisometropia. Results The prevalence rates of anisometropia, in terms of spherical equivalent (SE) difference of at least 1.5 diopters and 2.0 diopters were 1.57% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1, 2.2) and 1.01% (95% CI: 0.6, 1.6), respectively. The prevalence rate of anisometropia (at least 2.0 diopters) among the children with at least one myopic eye was 2.4% (95% CI: 1.4, 3.8), whereas in those without any myopic eyes, the prevalence rate was only 0.2% (95% CI: 0.06, 0.8). The spherical equivalent difference between the right and left eyes was positively correlated with the difference in axial lengths (P < .001). The difference in corneal refractive power is not statistically different between the anisometropic and the nonanisometropic children. Conclusions The anisometropia prevalence rate in a childhood population with a relatively high prevalence of myopia was reported. The origin of the anisometropia is axial, and these results suggest that the differential rate of elongation between the two eyes of nonmyopic subjects results in anisometropia. © 2004 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: American Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN: 00029394
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2003.10.028
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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