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Title: Nuclear c-Myc plays an important role in the cytotoxicity of tumor necrosis factor alpha in tumor cells
Authors: Jänicke, R.U. 
Lee, F.H.H.
Porter, A.G. 
Issue Date: Sep-1994
Citation: Jänicke, R.U.,Lee, F.H.H.,Porter, A.G. (1994-09). Nuclear c-Myc plays an important role in the cytotoxicity of tumor necrosis factor alpha in tumor cells. Molecular and Cellular Biology 14 (9) : 5661-5670. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The phosphoprotein c-Myc has the potential to kill cells by apoptosis. To investigate whether c-Myc is involved in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α)-mediated cell killing, we have examined two HeLa cell lines (D98 and H21) which show dramatic differences in their susceptibilities to TNF-α cytotoxicity. Northern (RNA) blot analyses showed that there were no significant differences between these cell lines in basal or TNF-α-induced mRNA expression for a variety of proteins including manganous superoxide dismutase, A20 zinc finger protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2, and hsp70, all of which are known to influence the susceptibility of certain cells to TNF-α killing. On the other hand, there was a dramatic increase in c-Myc mRNA expression in TNF-α-sensitive D98 cells, but not in TNF-α- resistant H21 cells, which was only observed when the cells were treated with cycloheximide. Western blot (immunoblot) analyses revealed that even in the absence of TNF-α or cycloheximide, c-Myc was detectable only in nuclear extracts of TNF-α-sensitive D98 cells, implying a role for preexisting c- Myc in TNF-α killing. In support of this interpretation, a c-myc antisense oligonucleotide specifically inhibited the TNF-α killing of D98 cells, provided that the oligonucleotide was added 6 h prior to TNF-α treatment. Either dexamethasone treatment or transient expression of c-myc antisense cDNA fragments decreased nuclear c-Myc in D98 cells and rendered the cells more resistant to TNF-α cytotoxicity. Nuclear c-Myc was also detectable in a TNF-α-sensitive human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cell line, but it was undetectable in a derivative of HT-1080 (SS-HT-1080) known to be resistant to TNF-α killing because of overexpression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 HT-1080 cells transfected with antisense c-myc cDNA had significantly less nuclear c-Myc and were resistant to TNF-α cytotoxicity. Together, these data indicate that a nuclear transcription factor, c-Myc plays an important role in sensitizing two different tumor cell types to TNF-α cytotoxicity.
Source Title: Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN: 02707306
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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