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Title: Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α stimulate the cat-2 gene of the L-arginine transporter in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells
Authors: Gill, D.J.
Low, B.C. 
Grigor, M.R.
Issue Date: 1996
Citation: Gill, D.J., Low, B.C., Grigor, M.R. (1996). Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α stimulate the cat-2 gene of the L-arginine transporter in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271 (19) : 11280-11283. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in cytokine-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of several vascular disease states including septic shock. This study examines the relationship between cytokine-stimulated NO production and L-arginine transport in cultured VSMC. Cultured VSMC from rat aorta were stimulated with interleukin- 1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and/or angiotensin II (Ang II); and the accumulation of nitrite, a stable product of NO metabolism, in the culture media and the rates of net L-arginine uptake were measured. Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α, alone or in combination, stimulated both the uptake of L-arginine and the accumulation of nitrite in the culture media in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of NOS activity by substituted analogues of L-arginine had no effect on cytokine-stimulated L-arginine transport. Ang II in the presence of cytokines up-regulated L-arginine transport while inhibiting nitrite accumulation. Two forms of the L-arginine transporter, cat-1b and cat-2, are expressed in VSMC. Northern analysis revealed that the cytokine-stimulated increase in L-arginine transport coincided with increased levels of cat-2 mRNA. In contrast, cat-1b does not appear to be regulated by cytokines at the mRNA level, although significant increases in response to Ang II were observed. These results show that, while cytokines can stimulate both NOS activity and L-arginine uptake, NO production is not required to signal the increase in L-arginine transport. Furthermore, Ang II and cytokine stimulation of L-arginine uptake involves the differential regulation of the cationic amino acid transporter (cat) genes.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.271.19.11280
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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