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Title: A multiphase oil spill model
Authors: Tkalich, P. 
Huda, K.
Gin, K.Y.H.
Keywords: High-order numerical scheme
Oil spill model
Singapore Strait
Spill combating techniques
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Tkalich, P.,Huda, K.,Gin, K.Y.H. (2003). A multiphase oil spill model. Journal of Hydraulic Research 41 (2) : 115-125. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A multiphase oil spill model has been developed to simulate consequences of accidental oil spills in the marine environment. Six state variables are computed simultaneously: an oil slick thickness on the water surface; concentration of dissolved, emulsified and particulate oil phases in the water column; and concentration of dissolved and particulate oil phases in the bottom sediments. A consistent Eulerian approach is applied across the model, the oil slick thickness is computed using the layer-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, and for transport of the oil phases in the water column the advection-diffusion equation is employed. The kinetic terms are developed to control the oil mass exchange between the variables. The governing equations are verified using test cases, data and other models. The model is useful for short and long-term predictions of the spilled oil dynamics and fate, including application of the oil combating elements, such as chemical dispersants and booms.
Source Title: Journal of Hydraulic Research
ISSN: 00221686
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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