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Title: Micropatterned matrix directs differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells towards myocardial lineage
Authors: Tay, C.Y.
Yu, H.
Pal, M.
Leong, W.S.
Tan, N.S.
Ng, K.W.
Leong, D.T. 
Tan, L.P.
Keywords: Cell shape
Cytoskeletal rearrangement
Gene expression
Micro patterning
Stem cell differentiation
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Citation: Tay, C.Y., Yu, H., Pal, M., Leong, W.S., Tan, N.S., Ng, K.W., Leong, D.T., Tan, L.P. (2010-04). Micropatterned matrix directs differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells towards myocardial lineage. Experimental Cell Research 316 (7) : 1159-1168. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Stem cell response can be influenced by a multitude of chemical, topological and mechanical physiochemical cues. While extensive studies have been focused on the use of soluble factors to direct stem cell differentiation, there are growing evidences illustrating the potential to modulate stem cell differentiation via precise engineering of cell shape. Fibronectin were printed on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) thin film forming spatially defined geometries as a means to control the morphology of bone marrow derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). hMSCs that were cultured on unpatterned substrata adhered and flattened extensively (~10,000 μm2) while cells grown on 20 μm micropatterend wide adhesive strips were highly elongated with much smaller area coverage of ~2000 μm2. Gene expression analysis revealed up-regulation of several hallmark markers associated to neurogenesis and myogenesis for cells that were highly elongated while osteogenic markers were specifically down-regulated or remained at its nominal level. Even though there is clearly upregulated levels of both neuronal and myogenic lineages but at the functionally relevant level of protein expression, the myogenic lineage is dominant within the time scale studied as determined by the exclusive expression of cardiac myosin heavy chain for the micropatterned cells. Enforced cell shape distortion resulting in large scale rearrangement of cytoskeletal network and altered nucleus shape has been proposed as a physical impetus by which mechanical deformation is translated into biochemical response. These results demonstrated for the first time that cellular shape modulation in the absence of any induction factors may be a viable strategy to coax lineage-specific differentiation of stem cells. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Experimental Cell Research
ISSN: 00144827
DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.02.010
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