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Title: Potent therapeutic activity of folate receptor-targeted liposomal carboplatin in the localized treatment of intraperitoneally grown human ovarian tumor xenograft
Authors: Chaudhury, A.
Das, S.
Bunte, R.M. 
Chiu, G.N.C. 
Keywords: FRT carboplatin liposomes
Ovarian cancer
Targeted therapy
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Chaudhury, A., Das, S., Bunte, R.M., Chiu, G.N.C. (2012). Potent therapeutic activity of folate receptor-targeted liposomal carboplatin in the localized treatment of intraperitoneally grown human ovarian tumor xenograft. International Journal of Nanomedicine 7 : 739-751. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Intraperitoneal (IP) therapy with platinum (Pt)-based drugs has shown promising results clinically; however, high locoregional concentration of the drug could lead to adverse side effects. In this study, IP administration was coupled with a folate receptor-targeted (FRT) liposomal system, in an attempt to achieve intracellular delivery of the Pt-based drug carboplatin in order to increase therapeutic efficacy and to minimize toxicity. In vitro and in vivo activity of FRT carboplatin liposomes was compared with the activity of free drug and nontargeted (NT) carboplatin liposomes using FR-overexpressing IGROV-1 ovarian cancer cells as the model. Significant reduction in cell viability was observed with FRT liposomes, which, compared with the free drug, provided an approximately twofold increase in carboplatin potency. The increase in drug potency was correlated with significantly higher cellular accumulation of Pt resulting from FRT liposomal delivery. Further evaluation was conducted in mice bearing intraperitoneally inoculated IGROV-1 ovarian tumor xenografts. A superior survival rate (five out of six animals) was achieved in animals treated with FRT carboplatin liposomes, injected intraperitoneally with a dose of 15 mg/kg and following a schedule of twice-weekly administration for 3 weeks. In contrast, no survivors were observed in the free drug or NT carboplatin liposome groups. The presence of cancer cells in lung and liver tissues was observed in the saline, free carboplatin, and NT carboplatin liposome groups. However, there was no sign of cancer cells or drugrelated toxicity detected in tissues from the animals treated with FRT carboplatin liposomes. The results of this study have demonstrated for the first time that the approach of coupling IP administration with FRT liposomal delivery could provide significantly improved therapeutic efficacy of carboplatin in the treatment of metastatic ovarian cancer. © 2012 Chaudhury et al.
Source Title: International Journal of Nanomedicine
ISSN: 11769114
DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S26172
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