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Title: Insulin expressed from endogenously active glucose-responsive EGR1 promoter in bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells as diabetes therapy
Authors: Chen, N.K.F.
Tan, S.Y.
Udolph, G.
Kon, O.L. 
Keywords: Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells
Cell therapy
Diabetes mellitus
EGR1 promoter
Glucose responsive
Nonviral vector
Issue Date: May-2010
Citation: Chen, N.K.F., Tan, S.Y., Udolph, G., Kon, O.L. (2010-05). Insulin expressed from endogenously active glucose-responsive EGR1 promoter in bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells as diabetes therapy. Gene Therapy 17 (5) : 592-605. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Advances in islet transplantation have encouraged efforts to create alternative insulin-secreting cells that overcome limitations associated with current therapies. We have recently demonstrated durable correction of murine and porcine diabetes by syngeneic and autologous implantation, respectively, of primary hepatocytes non-virally modified with a glucose-responsive promoter-regulated insulin transgene. As surgical procurement of hepatocytes may be clinically unappealing, we here describe primary bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMMSC) as alternative insulin-secreting bioimplants. BMMSC are abundant and less invasively procured for clinical autologous transplantation. Electroporation achieved high transgene transfection efficiencies in human BMMSC (HBMMSC) and porcine BMMSC (PBMMSC). We transcriptomically identified an HBMMSC glucose-responsive promoter, EGR1. This endogenously active promoter drove rapid glucose-induced transgene secretions in BMMSC with near-physiological characteristics during static and kinetic induction assays simulating normal human islets. Preparatory to preclinical transplantation, PBMMSC transfected with the circular insulin transgene vector or stably integrated with the linearized vector were evaluated by intrahepatic or intraperitoneal xenotransplantation in streptozotocin-diabetic and non-diabetic NOD-SCID mice. Hyperglycemia, glucose tolerance and body weight were corrected in a dose-responsive manner. Hypoglycemia was not observed even in identically implanted non-diabetic mice. These results establish human EGR1 promoter-insulin construct-modified BMMSC as safe and efficient insulin-secreting bioimplants for diabetes treatment. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
Source Title: Gene Therapy
ISSN: 09697128
DOI: 10.1038/gt.2010.12
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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