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Title: Comparison of gene expression profiles in primary and immortalized human pterygium fibroblast cells
Authors: Hou, A.
Voorhoeve, P. 
Lan, W.
Tin, M.
Tong, L. 
Keywords: Eye
Pterygium fibroblast
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Citation: Hou, A., Voorhoeve, P., Lan, W., Tin, M., Tong, L. (2013-11-01). Comparison of gene expression profiles in primary and immortalized human pterygium fibroblast cells. Experimental Cell Research 319 (18) : 2781-2789. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: Pterygium is a fibrovascular growth on the ocular surface with corneal tissue destruction, matrix degradation and varying extents of chronic inflammation. To facilitate investigation of pterygium etiology, we immortalized pterygium fibroblast cells and profiled their global transcript levels compared to primary cultured cells. Methods: Fibroblast cells were cultured from surgically excised pterygium tissue using the explant method and propagated to passage number 2-4. We hypothesized that intervention with 3 critical molecular intermediates may be necessary to propage these cells. Primary fibroblast cells were immortalized sequentially by a retroviral construct containing the human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene and another retroviral expression vector expressing p53/p16 shRNAs. Primary and immortalized fibroblast cells were evaluated for differences in global gene transcript levels using an Agilent Genechip microarray. Results: Light microscopic morphology of immortalized cells was similar to primary pterygium fibroblast at passage 2-4. Telomerase reverse transcriptase was expressed, and p53 and p16 levels were reduced in immortalized pterygium fibroblast cells. There were 3308 significantly dysregulated genes showing at least 2 fold changes in transcript levels between immortalized and primary cultured cells (2005 genes were up-regulated and 1303 genes were down-regulated). Overall, 13.58% (95% CI: 13.08-14.10) of transcripts in immortalized cells were differentially expressed by at least 2 folds compared to primary cells. Conclusion: Pterygium primary fibroblast cells were successfully immortalized to at least passage 11. Although a variety of genes are differentially expressed between immortalized and primary cells, only genes related to cell cycle are significantly changed, suggesting that the immortalized cells may be used as an in vitro model for pterygium pathology. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Experimental Cell Research
ISSN: 00144827
DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2013.08.022
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