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Title: Sleep reduces false memory in healthy older adults
Authors: Lo, J.C.
Sim, S.K.Y.
Chee, M.W.L. 
Keywords: Declarative memory
False memory
Memory consolidation
Slow wave sleep
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2014
Citation: Lo, J.C., Sim, S.K.Y., Chee, M.W.L. (2014-04-01). Sleep reduces false memory in healthy older adults. Sleep 37 (4) : 665-671. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Study Objectives: To investigate the effects of post-learning sleep and sleep architecture on false memory in healthy older adults. Design: Balanced, crossover design. False memory was induced using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm and assessed following nocturnal sleep and following a period of daytime wakefulness. Post-learning sleep structure was evaluated using polysomnography (PSG). Setting: Sleep research laboratory. Participants: Fourteen healthy older adults from the Singapore-Longitudinal Aging Brain Study (mean age ± standard deviation = 66.6 ± 4.1 y; 7 males). Measurements and Results: At encoding, participants studied lists of words that were semantically related to non-presented critical lures. At retrieval, they made "remember"/"know" and "new" judgments. Compared to wakefulness, post-learning sleep was associated with reduced "remember" responses, but not "know" responses to critical lures. In contrast, there were no significant differences in the veridical recognition of studied words, false recognition of unrelated distractors, discriminability, or response bias between the sleep and the wake conditions. More postlearning slow wave sleep was associated with greater reduction in false memory. Conclusions: In healthy older adults, sleep facilitates the reduction in false memory without affecting veridical memory. This benefit correlates with the amount of slow wave sleep in the post-learning sleep episode.
Source Title: Sleep
ISSN: 15509109
DOI: 10.5665/sleep.3564
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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