Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3218
Title: Now you hear me, now you don't: Eyelid closures as an indicator of auditory task disengagement
Authors: Ong, J.L.
Asplund, C.L.
Chia, T.T.Y.
Chee, M.W.L. 
Keywords: Auditory attention
Eye closure
Sleep deprivation
Sustained attention
Time on-task
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Citation: Ong, J.L., Asplund, C.L., Chia, T.T.Y., Chee, M.W.L. (2013-12-01). Now you hear me, now you don't: Eyelid closures as an indicator of auditory task disengagement. Sleep 36 (12) : 1867-1874. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3218
Abstract: Study Objectives: Eyelid closures in fatigued individuals signify task disengagement in attention-demanding visual tasks. Here, we studied how varying degrees of eyelid closure predict responses to auditory stimuli depending on whether a participant is well rested or sleep deprived. We also examined time-on-task effects and how more and less vulnerable individuals differed in frequency of eye closures and lapses. Design: Six repetitions of an auditory vigilance task were performed in each of two sessions: rested wakefulness (RW) and total sleep deprivation (TSD) (order counterbalanced). Setting: Sleep laboratory. Participants: Nineteen healthy young adults (mean age: 22 ± 2.8 y; 11 males). Intervention: Approximately 24 h of TSD. Measurements and Results: Eyelid closure was rated on a 9-point scale (1 = fully closed to 9 = fully opened) using video segments time-locked to the auditory event. Eyes-open trials predominated during RW, but different degrees of eye closure were uniformly distributed during TSD. The frequency of lapses (response time > 800 ms or nonresponses) to auditory stimuli increased dramatically with greater degrees of eye closure, but the association was strong only during TSD. There were significant within-run time-on-task effects on eye closure and auditory lapses that were exacerbated by TSD. Participants who had more auditory lapses during TSD (more vulnerable) had greater variability in their eyelid closures. Conclusions: Eyelid closures are a strong predictor of auditory task disengagement in the sleep-deprived state but are less relevant during rested wakefulness. Individuals relatively more impaired in this auditory vigilance task during total sleep deprivation display oculomotor evidence for greater state instability.
Source Title: Sleep
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/110195
ISSN: 01618105
DOI: 10.5665/sleep.3218
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