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Title: Evaluation of gene expression profiles and pathways underlying postnatal development in mouse sclera
Authors: Lim, W.
Kwan, J.L.
Goh, L.K. 
Beuerman, R.W.
Barathi, V.A.
Issue Date: 2-Jun-2012
Citation: Lim, W.,Kwan, J.L.,Goh, L.K.,Beuerman, R.W.,Barathi, V.A. (2012-06-02). Evaluation of gene expression profiles and pathways underlying postnatal development in mouse sclera. Molecular Vision 18 : 1436-1448. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the genes and pathways underlying the growth of the mouse sclera during postnatal development. Methods: Total RNA was isolated from each of 30 single mouse sclera (n=30, 6 sclera each from 1-, 2-, 3-, 6-, and 8- week-old mice) and reverse-transcribed into cDNA using a T7-N 6 primer. The resulting cDNA was fragmented, labeled with biotin, and hybridized to a Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array. ANOVA analysis was then performed using Partek Genomic Suite 6.5 beta and differentially expressed transcript clusters were filtered based on a selection criterion of ≥2 relative fold change at a false discovery rate of ≤5%. Genes identified as involved in the main biologic processes during postnatal scleral development were further confirmed using qPCR. A possible pathway that contributes to the postnatal development of the sclera was investigated using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software. Results: The hierarchical clustering of all time points showed that they did not cluster according to age. The highest number of differentially expressed transcript clusters was found when week 1 and week 2 old scleral tissues were compared. The peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (Ppargc1a) gene was found to be involved in the networks generated using Ingenuity Pathway Studio (IPA) from the differentially expressed transcript cluster lists of week 2 versus 1, week 3 versus 2, week 6 versus 3, and week 8 versus 6. The gene expression of Ppargc1a varied during scleral growth from week 1 to 2, week 2 to 3, week 3 to 6, and week 6 to 8 and was found to interact with a different set of genes at different scleral growth stages. Therefore, this indicated that Ppargc1a might play a role in scleral growth during postnatal weeks 1 to 8. Conclusions: Gene expression of eye diseases should be studied as early as postnatal weeks 1-2 to ensure that any changes in gene expression pattern during disease development are detected. In addition, we propose that Ppargc1a might play a role in regulating postnatal scleral development by interacting with a different set of genes at different scleral growth stages. © 2012 Molecular Vision.
Source Title: Molecular Vision
ISSN: 10900535
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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