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Title: Comorbid visual and cognitive impairment: Relationship with disability status and self-rated health among older singaporeans
Authors: Whitson, H.E.
Malhotra, R. 
Chan, A.
Matchar, D.B. 
Østbye, T. 
Keywords: ADL/IADL disability
cognitive impairment
mobility disability
older people
self-rated health
visual impairment
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Whitson, H.E., Malhotra, R., Chan, A., Matchar, D.B., Østbye, T. (2014). Comorbid visual and cognitive impairment: Relationship with disability status and self-rated health among older singaporeans. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health 26 (3) : 310-319. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and consequences of coexisting vision and cognitive impairments in an Asian population. Data were collected from 4508 community-dwelling Singaporeans aged 60 years and older. Cognition was assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire whereas vision, disability, and self-rated health (SRH) were determined by self-report. Vision impairment was present in 902 (18.5%) participants and cognitive impairment in 835 (13.6%), with 232 (3.5%) participants experiencing both impairments. Persons with the comorbidity experienced higher odds of disability than persons with either single impairment. The association of vision impairment with SRH was stronger among women (odds ratio [OR] = 6.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.64-9.92) than among men (OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.21-2.41). Concurrent cognitive and vision impairment is prevalent in older Singaporeans and is associated with high rates of disability. Gender differences in vision-dependent roles may affect the patient-perceived impact of this comorbidity. © 2012 APJPH.
Source Title: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 10105395
DOI: 10.1177/1010539512443698
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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